Alan Kristol, PhD, long-time research investigator at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center recently stated “ I suspect there are benefits to eating fish. You might decrease your chance of heart disease a bit. But there is no benefit at all for anyone to be taking supplements. “. *
At the same time, Dr. Kristol is the 2nd author of 2 studies (below) which report protective effects from very high levels of EPA and DHA from fish. These studies reported that consuming EPA and DHA from fish at levels much higher than what the average American consumes was protective against chronic diseases, even in people with diabetes.
Zeina Makhoul, Alan R Kristal, Roman Gulati, Bret Luick, Andrea Bersamin, Bert Boyer, and Gerald V Mohatt. Associations of very high intakes of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids with biomarkers of chronic disease risk among Yup’ik Eskimos. Am J Clin Nutr, Mar 2010; 91: 777 – 785.
Zeina Makhoul, Alan R Kristal, Roman Gulati, Bret Luick, Andrea Bersamin, Bert Boyer, and Gerald V Mohatt. High chronic intakes of eicosapentanoic (EPA) and docosahexanoic acids (DHA) are associated with desirable lipid profile and reduced C-reactive protein (CRP), and attenuate effects of obesity on triglycerides (TG) and CRP. FASEB J, Apr 2009; 23: 334.2.